Did you know that elevators have been around since 1856? And even though elevators back then were not nearly as safe (or reliable) as they are today, they still helped people get to where they needed to go. But, have you ever wondered how do elevators work?
In today’s post, we’re going to take a look at how elevators take you from the bottom floor to the top by breaking down their main components and functions.
The Pulley System
Elevator technology has changed a lot throughout the years, but one aspect that remains the same is the pulley system. As you likely already know, a pulley system is when a certain object is lifted or lowered using a rope and wheel. Of course, back in the early days, elevators were pulled by people or animals, whereas sophisticated machines get the job done now.
The Metal Car
The metal car is the “box” you ride while using the elevator. Two guide rails (one guides the car, and the other is the counterweight) hold the metal car safely in place. In addition, modern elevator cars have an automated locking mechanism that prevents people from opening the doors while in movement.
Of course, that automated mechanism can malfunction and prevent people from leaving the elevator, one of the most common elevator problems users have. That’s why having a professional elevator maintenance management company is essential, as they’ll make sure that doesn’t happen.
As previously mentioned, the counterweight is located on the metal car’s guide rail. The main function of the counterweight is to balance the elevator car’s weight, which minimizes the energy needed to operate it.
Perhaps the most important component of an elevator is the cables (strong metallic rope twisted together). These cables are part of the pulley system, so they help the elevator car move up and down, and even if one of them were to break, the other cables can prevent the car from crashing.
Of course, if all of the cables were to break, the guard rail safety mechanism would trigger, preventing the car from falling. That’s why elevator mechanics check that the cables are in good condition during the elevator installation process.
The Braking System
The final component that makes up an elevator is the braking mechanism that ensures that you stop at the floor you want to stop at. This system works with an electric engine that only activates once you reach the floor you pressed. On top of that, if all other safety mechanisms fail, the brake system will trigger to stop the elevator car from crashing into the ground floor.
Now You Can Stop Wondering “How Do Elevators Work?”
Hopefully, with this post, you have a complete understanding of how do elevators work. As you can imagine, all these moving parts mean carrying out any elevator repairs is a challenge, which is why only trained professionals can do it. So, the next time you ride an elevator, try to see if you remember what you learned today.
Did you learn something new today? If so, we invite you to check out our other posts, as we’re sure you’ll find another topic that’ll pique your interest!
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