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Septic vs Cesspool: What Are the Differences? 

Septic vs Cesspool: What Are the Differences?

In 2020, more than 20% of Americans used decentralized septic tanks. Do you know the differences between your septic vs cesspool? Knowing what option is right for you depends on where you live is essential.

Severe droughts and overflowing sewage systems are becoming more prominent. These issues can lead to the creation of cesspools and septic systems to help ease the load.

This guide lets you know how different they are and which would be best for your home. That way, you can choose which type of functionality and plumbing system you choose for your septic.

Septic Tank vs Cesspools In a Nutshell

A septic tank is a large, watertight container made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. Its purpose is to treat wastewater from toilets, sinks, and showers before it is discharged into the ground.

Septic tanks also collect sewage but have a pipe connecting to the home. This pipe allows the sewage to flow into the septic tank.

The treated sewage effluent is then discharged to a leach field for further filtration. This process is much cleaner and more efficient than a cesspool.

Meanwhile, a cesspool is a pit or well that receives and holds sewage and other wastes. Cesspools are usually shallower than septic tanks, which allows waste to leach into the ground.

Cesspools are pits that collect sewage. They do not have any outlet or pipe. It means that anything that goes into the cesspool stays in the cesspool.

Over time, the waste will build up, and the cesspool will need emptying to avoid spillage and contamination.

Difference in Capacity

A septic system for residential homes or small businesses can handle between 1,000 and 2,500 gallons of wastewater daily. On the other hand, a cesspool can accommodate larger organizations such as schools, hospitals, or factories.

It can process anywhere from 10,000 to 50,000 gallons a day. As a result, cesspools are generally much larger than septic systems and require more frequent servicing.

Cost of Installation 

Septic systems are more expensive to install and more effective and efficient in the long run. Cesspools are cheaper to install but require more maintenance and are less effective.

The choice of sewage system will depend on your budget and needs. A septic system is better if you look for a more effective long-term solution. However, a cesspool may be a better option if you are on a tight budget and are looking for a short-term solution.

If you need pumping or cleaning services, it’s best to deal with professional companies. Visit their website for more info on professional services and why you should get them.

Choosing Between Septic vs Cesspool for Your Home

Although both cesspools and septic systems manage wastewater, they do so differently. Cesspools store the wastewater until it evaporates, while septic systems use bacteria to break down the waste.

Septic systems are often seen as the more sanitary option, but both have pros and cons. Make sure to read about cesspool guides and septic tank services before installations. Ultimately, it is up to the homeowner to decide between septic vs cesspool.

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